Saturday, January 26, 2013

All about Worms in Dogs

Worms are one of the most common health problems for dog. There are five types of worms that generally affect dogs: heartworms and roundworms, hookworms or tapeworms, and whipworms. Of these four only two are commonly seen in the stool with the unaided eye: roundworms and tapeworms. Therefore, it is important for you to learn how to tell if your dog has worms and obtain the appropriate medication.
Types of Worms in Dogs
Roundworms are the most common type of worms, that can infect your dog's intestines. Usually spread in feces or while pregnancy and nursing, the roundworm causes a serious infection in dogs and puppies. They eats the food of its host and could cause diarrhea and other symptoms. If your dog is infected by these worms, then he will experience symptoms as:
Weight loss
Hookworms can enter through the skin of your dog to reach the lungs. Living mostly in the small intestine, hookworms suck the blood of its host. Young dogs  becomes infected from their mothers. Adult dogs is usually infected via their skin or when cleaning themselves. Infections will cause weakness and malnutrition or anemia and can lead to death in puppies. Also, hookworm infestation can also cause:
Skin dryness
Itchy feet
Bloody stools
Weight loss
Heartworms are spread to dogs through mosquito bites. Out of all the worms, heartworms can be the most dangerous worms that can cause serious illnesses and even death of your pet dogs. Heartworms affect how the heart functions and how blood clots and is likely to cause death if untreated. Per month heartworm preventives are helpful. Symptoms of heartworms include:
Breathing difficulty
As the name suggests these worms look like a whip and inhabit the intestines of the dog, especially the large intestine. Dogs can pick them up from contaminated soil or by grooming. Whipworms usually don't cause severe blood loss or other serious symptoms unless large numbers embed in the intestine. Symptoms of whipworms include
Weight loss
Bloody stools
Tapeworms are one of the most common parasites, that can infect your dogs. Dogs get tapeworms from licking themselves and eating fleas, which have them. Tapeworms absorb some of the dog’s nutrients from the intestine, the place they add. He tapeworm is composed of small segments, every about the size of a grain of rice. These segments can break off in the intestine of your dog and then come out with stools.
Weight loss
Abdominal pain
Treatment for Worms in Dogs
Worms in dogs are treated by first evaluating the severity of the infestation and determining what type of worm is involved. To cure dog worms, veterinarians would prescribe some wormer or medications such as ivermectin or pyrantel pamoate and praziquantel or fenbendazole and milbemycin oxime. The treatment and medication can differ substantially, based on the types of worms that have infected your dog.
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